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Data Revolution for Sustainable Development - Readings

With the policy period of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) coming to an end in 2015, United Nations instituted a High Level Panel to advise on the framing of the discussion on post-2015 global development framework and the design of the Sustainable Development Goals. The Panel submitted its report in May 2013.

The report highlights five transformative shifts as core foci of the post-2015 development agenda, and identifies 'data revolution' as a necessary and fundamental component of operationalising such an agenda. This identification is directly compelled by the experiences of measuring, monitoring and implement the MDGs. To quote from a brief note on 'data revolution' published by the Panel:

Sadly, the availability quality and accessibility of the data we have today just aren’t good enough. Too often, development efforts are hampered by a lack of the most basic data about the social and economic circumstances in which people live. This requires a commitment to changing the way we collect and share data, both from the bottom up and the top down... The availability of information has improved during the implementation of the MDGs, but much better data are necessary. We have yet to establish an accurate picture of how many people are living in extreme poverty today; without that, it is very hard to work out the best ways to move that number to zero by 2030.

While the challenge of absent and unreliable of global development data is a very critical one, the question here is if 'data revolution' is being conceptualised robustly enough to address it. The same note explains:

At its heart, the data revolution comprises two main objectives: 1) the integration of statistics into public and private sector decision making; 2) building trust between society and state through transparency and accountability.

The note lists nine strategic interventions required to achieve these objectives. Only one of which, however, addresses the second <em>main</em> objective of building trust through transparency and accountability. Five interventions focus on resource moblisation, infrastructural development, and capacity building to upgrade national statistical systems, so as to generate reliable and timely data at national scale, as well as to extract data through new technological apparatuses such as social media networks, and national identity card systems. Two strategies highlight the need to engage public and private sector leaders to implement cross-sector transparency initiatives and sharing of open data and information. One strategy calls for a fresh round of collection of baseline data on development (by 2016) to inform the monitoring of post-2015 development goals. And only a single strategy focuses on the need to:

Create space for civil society to ensure these promises are fulfilled, and especially that we ‘Leave No One Behind’ and that the rights of marginalized groups are ensured.

To prepare recommendations for strategies towards a 'data revolution in sustainable development,' UN has established an Independent Expert Advisory Group. The Group formed on August 2014, and is currently seeking submissions from the public, and is expected to present its final report by the end of this year.

Here is set of background readings to inform engagements with the idea of 'data revolution' and what can be its location within the post-2015 development agenda. The readings can also be accessed as a Google document. Comments and suggestions of absent essential readings are very much welcome.

Data Revolution - Introduction

High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda , UN - What is the Data Revolution?

Johannes Jütting, Manager, PARIS21 Secretariat - Data Revolution in Development: Countries Come First!

Claire Melamed - Development Data: How Accurate are the Figures?

Data Revolution - National Statistical Systems

How to Realise the Data Revolution?

Morten Jerven - What Kind of Data Revolution do We Need?

Centre for Global Development and The African Population and Health Research Centre - Delivering on the Data Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa: Final Report of the Data for African Development Working Group

Open Data Institute, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, DFID, Development Initiatives, ONE, Paris21, UNDP, USAID and World Bank - Towards a Strategy for the Data Revolution: Outcomes from the July 11–12 Experts’ Workshop

Data Revolution and Big Data

Data, Disclosure, Privacy

Data, Information, Transparency

Open Data - Introduction

Open Data - Principles and Definition

Open Government Data - Declarations and Policies

Executive Office of the President, Government of USA - Open Data Policy - Managing Information as an Asset

European Commission - Open Data: An Engine for Innovation, Growth and Transparent Governance

Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India - National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy

Open Government Data - Implementation Guidelines

Open Government Data - Global Surveys

Open Government Data - Regional Surveys

Open Data - Selected Sectoral Portals

Open Data - Supply and Implementation

UN Public Administration Programme - Guidelines on Open Government Data for Citizen Engagement

David Robinson, Harlan Yu,William P. Zeller and Edward W.Felten - Government Data and the Invisible Hand

Marijn Janssen, Yannis Charalabidis & Anneke Zuiderwijk - Benefits, Adoption Barriers and Myths of Open Data and Open Government

Open Data - Political Economy

Open Data - Technological Concerns

Open Data - Critiques

Data, Algorithm, Governance

Evgeny Morozov - The Rise of Data and the Death of Politics

David Eaves - Lies, Damned Lies, and Open Data

Jeffrey Alan Johnson - From Open Data to Information Justice

Originally published on October 13, 2014.

resources/data-revolution-background-readings.txt · Last modified: 2016/04/05 05:13 by ajantriks